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Cross

Christianity
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

Summary of the Bible

The Old Testament (Hebrew Scriptures) 
39 books
Recognized by Jews and Christians ( although the Jewish ordering is different)


Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, II Kings, I Chronicles, II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

These can be classified as follows:

Pentateuch - 5 books
     Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Historical Books - 12 books
     Joshua, Judges, Ruth, First Samuel, Second Samuel, First Kings, Second Kings, First Chronicles, Second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.

Poetic - 5 books
     Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

Prophetic - 17 books
     Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
     Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.


The following 7 additional books are recognized by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as canonical:

Tobit, Judith, The Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), Baruch, I Maccabees, II Maccabees

The New Testament (all Christians)

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts of the Apostles, Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, I Peter, II Peter, I John, II John, III John, Jude, Revelation (Apocalypse).

These can be summarized as follows:

Historical Books
- 5 books

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts

Pauline Epistles -
14 books

Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians. 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon

Non-Pauline Epistles -
8 books

Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation

 

Summary of Books of Old Testament

Pentateuch

  1. Genesis - Creation, the Fall, the Flood, spread of the nations, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Enslavement in Egypt.
  2. Exodus - Enslavement of Israelites in Egypt, Moses, 10 plagues on Egypt, Passover, Leaving Egypt, Red Sea Crossing, Mt. Sinai and the 10 commandments
  3. Leviticus - Instructions on sacrificial system and the priesthood. Instructions on moral purity.
  4. Numbers - 40 years wandering begins.
  5. Deuteronomy - Moses' discourses on God's Acts for Israel the Decalogue, the ceremonial, civil, and social Laws, and covenant ratification.

Historical Books

Joshua to Samuel

  1. Joshua - 7 year conquest of the Land of Promise. Partitioning the Lands to the people.
  2. Judges - Time of Judges. 7 cycles of foreign oppression, repentance, and deliverance.
  3. Ruth - Speaks of righteousness, love, and faithfulness to the Lord.

Samuel to the Captivity

 

  1. First Samuel - Samuel carries Israelites from judges to King Saul
  2. Second Samuel - David as King, adultery, and murder.
  3. First Kings - Reign of Solomon. Israel is powerful. Solomon dies in 931 B.C., then division of tribes.
  4. Second Kings - The Divided Kingdom. All 19 kings of Israel were bad; captivity in Assyria (722 B.C.). In Judah, 8 of 20 rulers were good but went into exile too.
  5. First Chronicles - A recounting of the history of Israel to the time of the captivities.
  6. Second Chronicles - continued recounting of the life of Solomon, building of temple. History of Judah only.

Israel's Restoration.

  1. Ezra - Cyrus let the most of the Jews return to their land of Israel. Zerubbabel led the people (539 B.C.). Ezra returned later with more Jews (458 B.C.) Built the temple.
  2. Nehemiah - Building the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah rebuild the walls (444 B.C.). Revival in the land.
  3. Esther - Plot to kill the Jewish people.

Poetical

 

  1. Job - a righteous man tested by God. Deals with suffering and God's sovereignty.
  2. Psalms - Worship in song. Large variety of subjects. Widely used in Christian worship.
  3. Proverbs - Practical wisdom in everyday affairs.
  4. Ecclesiastes - All is vanity. The wisdom of man is futility.
  5. Song of Solomon - A song between Solomon and his bride displaying the love between a man and a woman.

Prophetical

          Major Prophets

 

  1. Isaiah - Looks at the sin of Judah and proclaims God's judgment. Coming restoration and blessing.
  2. Jeremiah - Called by God to proclaim the news of judgment to Judah, which came. God establishes a New Covenant.
  3. Lamentations - Describes the defeat and fall of Jerusalem.
  4. Ezekiel - Captivity in Babylon. Description of the end of times.
  5. Daniel - Many visions of the future for the Gentiles and the Jews.

    Minor Prophets

  6. Hosea - Represents God's love and faithfulness and Israel's spiritual adultery. Israel will be judged and restored.
  7. Joel - Proclaims a terrifying future using the imagery of locusts. Judgment will come but blessing will follow.
  8. Amos - Warning Israel of its coming judgment. Israel rejects God's warning.
  9. Obadiah - Prophecy of the  destruction of Edom, a neighboring nation of Israel.
  10. Jonah - Proclaims a coming judgment upon Nineveh. But they repented and judgment was spared.
  11. Micah - Description of the complete moral decay in all levels of Israel. God will judge but will forgive and restore.
  12. Nahum - Nineveh has gone into apostasy (approx.. 125 years after Jonah) and will be destroyed.
  13. Habakkuk - Habakkuk asks God why He is not dealing with Judah's sins. God says He will use the Babylonians. Habakkuk asks how God can use a nation that is even worse than Judah.
  14. Zephaniah - The theme is developed of the Day of the Lord and His judgment with a coming blessing.
  15. Haggai - The people failed to put God first, by building their houses before they finished God's temple. Therefore, they had no prosperity.
  16. Zechariah - Zechariah encourages the Jews to complete the temple. Many messianic prophecies.
  17. Malachi. - God's people are lax in their duty to God. Growing distant from God. Moral compromise. Proclamation of coming judgment.

 

Summary of Books of New Testament

Historical Books

  1. Matthew - Presents Jesus as the Messiah. Fulfillment of O.T. prophecy.
  2. Mark - First Book. Presents Jesus as the Servant. Description of the last week of His life.
  3. Luke - Presents Jesus as the Son of Man to seek and save the lost. Largest of the gospels.
  4. John - Presents Jesus as God in flesh, the Christ, so that you might believe. Last of the books.
  5. Acts - Historical account from Jesusí ascension to travels of Paul in his missionary journeys.

Pauline Epistles

  1. Romans - Examines the justification, sanctification, and glorification and the Godís plan for the Jews and the Gentiles.
  2. 1 Corinthians - Deals with factions and corrections due to immorality, lawsuits, and abuse of the Lordís Supper.
  3. 2 Corinthians - Paul defends his apostolic position.
  4. Galatians - Examines the proper place of grace in the Christianís life.
  5. Ephesians - The believerís position in Christ and information on Spiritual warfare.
  6. Hebrews - Demonstrates the superiority of Jesus over the O.T. system. Mentions the Melchizedek priesthood. (Hebrews may be of non-Pauline origin.  There is much debate on its authorship). 
  7. Philippians - The imprisonment of Paul. Paul exhorts Philippians to godliness and warns them of legalism.
  8. Colossians - The preeminence of Jesus in creation, redemption, and godliness.
  9. 1 Thessalonians - Teachings on purity and the return of Christ.
  10. 2 Thessalonians - Corrections on the Day of the Lord.
  11. 1 Timothy - Proper leadership and dealings with false teachers, the role of women, prayer, and requirements of elders and deacons.
  12. 2 Timothy - Encourages to be strong.
  13. Titus - Requirements for elders.
  14. Philemon - Forgiveness.

Non Pauline Epistles
 

  1. James - How to live a Christian life evidencing regeneration. James urges self examination of the evidence of the changed life.
  2. 1 Peter - Encourages the reader in the light of their suffering and be humble in it. Mentions baptism.
  3. 2 Peter - Deals with the person on an inward level, warnings against false teachers, and mentions the Day of the Lord.
  4. 1 John - The true fellowship of the believer with other believers and with God. God is described as light and love. Encourages a holy Christian walk before the Lord. Mentions Christian love.
  5. 2 John - Praise for walking in Christ and a reminder to walk in Godís love.
  6. 3 John - Kindness to Godís people.
  7. Jude - Exposes false teachers and uses O.T. allusions to demonstrate the judgment upon them.
  8. Revelation - A highly symbolic vision of the future rebellion, judgment, and consummation of all things.

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