Christmas is the time when we celebrate the birth of
Christ. Some, in our society, ask 'why do we celebrate the
birth of Jesus?" St. John the Theologian answers this
question as a glad tiding:,
"In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in
the beginning with God. All things were made through Him,
and without Him nothing was made that was made... And the
Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His
glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full
of grace and truth" (John 1:1-3, 14).
This account is highly regarded by the Orthodox Church.
It is placed at the head of all the Gospel readings, by
being the first Gospel reading of the Church's yearly cycle.
It is also read in the Divine Liturgy during the Holy
The reading announces a revelation that the
unutterable, unknowable, invisible and unattainable God Who,
in the Second Person of the Holy Trinity, dwelt among us on
earth. This revelation is also reiterated by St. Paul who
"And without controversy great is the mystery of
godliness. God was manifested in the flesh" (1 Tim 3: 16;
also refer to Luke 1:35; Matt 3:17, 11:27, 16:16, 17:5; John
1:14, 1:18, 3:16; 1 John 5:20; Rom 8:32, 9:5; and Col 2:9).
This 'good news' constitutes Christ's words, and the essence
of the four Gospels and Apostolic writings. This is the
foundation of Christianity, and the teaching of the Orthodox
Church. Faith in Jesus Christ as the Son of God is the
reason why the Orthodox Church exists.
The Evangelist John concludes the 'good news' in the main
text of his Gospel, the last of the four Gospels, "... but
these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the
Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life
in His name" (John 20:31).
The first Ecumenical Council of Nicea composed the Symbol
of Faith (the Creed) to confirm the truth that "... in Him
dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily" (Col. 2:9),
thus proclaiming that Christ is God.
Being perfect God, Christ the Savior is at the same time
also perfect Man, otherwise there is no hope or joy in
Christ's Resurrection, because, as St. Cyril of Alexandria
said, "If the nature which He received had not had a human
mind, then the one who entered into battle with the devil
was God Himself; and it was therefore God who gained the
victory. But if God was victorious, then I, who did not
participate in this victory at all, do not receive and
benefit from it. Therefore I cannot rejoice over it, for I
would then be boasting of someone else's trophies".
St. Cyril of Jerusalem also said, "If the becoming man
was a phantom, then salvation is a dream". Other holy
Fathers expressed themselves similarly.
The Church also proclaims that God is one in Essence and
triple in Persons. In other words, God is Triunity, is
Tri-hypostatical unity, is a Trinity One in Essence. The
Hypostases have personal or hypostatic attributes. God is
unbegotten; the Son is begotten from the Father; the Holy
Spirit proceeds from the Father. We worship the Holy Trinity
with a single and inseparable worship.
We celebrate the birth of Jesus at Christmas time, Who is
God Incarnate, because of the salvation His Resurrection